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Osteoporosis treatment using stem cell-derived exosomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of preclinical studies


BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of osteoporosis in recent years has aroused widespread public concern; however, existing effective treatments are limited. Therefore, new osteoporosis treatment methods, including stem cell transplantation and exosome therapy, have been proposed and are gaining momentum. Exosomes are considered to have greater potential for clinical application owing to their immunocompatibility. This study summarises the latest evidence demonstrating the efficacy of exosomes in improving bone loss in the treatment of osteoporosis. MAIN TEXT: This systematic review and meta-analyses searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases from inception to 26 March 2022 for osteoporosis treatment studies using stem cell-derived exosomes. Six endpoints were selected to determine efficacy: bone mineral density, trabecular bone volume/tissue volume fraction, trabecular number, trabecular separation, trabecular thickness, and cortical thickness. The search generated 366 citations. Eventually, 11 articles that included 15 controlled preclinical trials and 242 experimental animals (rats and mice) were included in the meta-analysis. CONCLUSION: The results were relatively robust and reliable despite some publication biases, suggesting that exosome treatment increased bone mass, improved bone microarchitecture, and enhanced bone strength compared with placebo treatments. Moreover, stem cell-derived exosomes may favour anabolism over catabolism, shifting the dynamic balance towards bone regeneration.

Type Journal
ISBN 1757-6512 (Electronic) 1757-6512 (Linking)
Authors He, X.; Wang, Y.; Liu, Z.; Weng, Y.; Chen, S.; Pan, Q.; Li, Y.; Wang, H.; Lin, S.; Yu, H.
Publisher Name Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Published Date 2023-04-11
Published Volume 14
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 72
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1186/s13287-023-03317-4
URL link to publisher's version