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Melatonin enhances autologous adipose-derived stem cells to improve mouse ovarian function in relation to the SIRT6/NF-kappaB pathway


BACKGROUND: Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is the main cause of female infertility. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are ideal candidates for the treatment of POI. However, some deficient biological characteristics of ADSCs limit their utility. This study investigated whether melatonin (MLT)-pretreated autologous ADSCs were superior to ADSCs alone in the treatment of the POI mouse model. METHODS: Autologous ADSCs were isolated and cultured in MLT-containing medium. Surface markers of ADSCs were detected by flow cytometry. To determine the effect of MLT on ADSCs, CCK-8 assay was used to detect ADSCs proliferation and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the secretion of cytokines. The POI model was established by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide and busulfan. Then, MLT-pretreated autologous ADSCs were transplanted into mice by intraovarian injection. After 7 days of treatment, ovarian morphology, follicle counts, and sex hormones levels were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and ELISA, and the recovery of fertility was also observed. The expressions of SIRT6 and NF-kappaB were detected by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: Flow cytometry showed that autologous ADSCs expressed CD90 (99.7%) and CD29 (97.5%). MLT can not only promote the proliferation of ADSCs but also boost their secretory function, especially when ADSCs were pretreated with 5 microM MLT for 3 days, improving the interference effect. After transplantation of autologous ADSCs pretreated with 5 microM MLT, the serum hormone levels and reproductive function were significantly recovered, and the mean counts of primordial follicle increased. At the same time, the expression of SIRT6 was remarkably increased and the expression of NF-kappaB was significantly decreased in this group. CONCLUSIONS: MLT enhances several effects of ADSCs in restoring hormone levels, mean primordial follicle counts, and reproductive capacity in POI mice. Meanwhile, our results suggest that the SIRT6/NF-kappaB signal pathway may be the potential therapeutic mechanism for ADSCs to treat POI.

Type Journal
ISBN 1757-6512 (Electronic) 1757-6512 (Linking)
Authors Huang, Q. Y.; Chen, S. R.; Zhao, Y. X.; Chen, J. M.; Chen, W. H.; Lin, S.; Shi, Q. Y.
Publisher Name Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Published Date 2022-08-04
Published Volume 13
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 399
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1186/s13287-022-03060-2
URL link to publisher's version